Fascinating Facts About Xunantunich Maya Ruins in Belize

Love a Good Mystery? Find Plenty of Them at Xunantunich Maya Ruins in Belize

Fascinating Facts About Xunantunich

Whether your taste in mystery leans toward Sherlock Holmes or Agatha Christie, real mysteries are more fascinating than those made up by writers. Consider Xunantunich Maya Ruins, one of Belize’s most haunting sites. Once home to indigenous people who made art, architectural magic and pioneered clever engineering wonders that still leave archaeologists in awe, it’s now a popular place for curiosity seekers to visit.

Belize was still known as British Honduras when a villager happened upon what became the second-tallest man-made structure in Belize, El Castillo, the epicenter of the site, and despite centuries of excavation, archaeologists are still unearthing mysteries. Among them are these fascinating facts:

  • Mayas named this city “Sculpture of Lady” before a ghost inhabiting the site around 1892 was said to be the reason for the name. Coincidence or foresight?
  • Given its location atop a Mopan River ridge, there’s speculation about how artisans were able to construct this complex ceremonial center with rudimentary tools.
  • At its peak, Xunantunich was home to 200,000 people but nobody knows why the civilization vanished.
  • Digs begun in the mid-1890s by British archaeologists included Thomas Gann, a surgeon. Who better to explain skeletal remains unearthed?
  • There’s speculation that a sudden disaster—perhaps an earthquake—was the reason Xunantunich was abandoned. When the gods get angry, it’s best not to stick around!
  • A reason Xunantunich remained a stable community for so long was because farms sustained the populace and helped them stay self-sufficient, but some agricultural practices are still shrouded in mystery.
  • Growth was expansive between 600 and 670 AD. Historians speculate that this may have been due to a mysterious connection to Naranjo, a Pre-Columbian city in Guatemala.
  • Mayans founding this city were precocious when it came to understanding astrology, which is how they were able to erect El Castillo on the intersection of two cardinal lines making it the city’s axis mundi.
  • Complex friezes covering exteriors were added last and depict a variety of gods, yet when it came to a unifying element, identical framing bands depicted earth and sky.
  • Archaeologist Jaime Awe is the latest scientist to unearth a mystery here. In 2016, an untouched burial chamber held a single male corpse plus ritual items, artifacts and animal bones. The team’s most exciting find? Tablets depicting the history of the secret Snake Dynasty, giving researchers yet another mystery to solve!

Curious? Fascinated? Perhaps you’re so intrigued by these discoveries that you’d like to see for yourself what all of the excitement is about. All that’s required to put your shoes on the ground of this fascinating ruin is a short plane ride to Belize and the right tour company to accompany your journey back in time.

At Barefoot Rentals and Services, licensed guides can double your understanding of this ancient world and maximize your time in Belize, so you get more bang for your buck—especially during shoulder season when tour and lodging rates drop. If you can’t get enough Maya sites after touring Xunantunich, ask them to arrange an itinerary so you get your fill of the region’s mysterious history.


Get a copy of The Ultimate Belize Bucket List! Written by Larry Waight, a local with more than twenty years of experience in the travel industry, the book is packed with tips, information, and recommendations about all of the best things to see and do in Belize.
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